China – a journey into the past and the future

"An ancient yet evolving civilization."

China is a country that has been shrouded in mystery and intrigue for centuries, but in recent years it has emerged as one of the most powerful and influential nations on the planet. As a result, there has been a growing interest in China, its history, culture, and its future.

Welcome to the land of the Great Wall, pandas, and chopsticks! China is an ancient country that has preserved its rich cultural heritage while advancing rapidly in technology and innovation. It’s a country that has something for everyone, from history buffs to foodies, nature lovers to city slickers.

So, put on your traveling shoes and get ready to explore the past and the future of China.

Part I: China’s Rich History

China has a rich and complex history that spans over 5,000 years. From the Xia dynasty to the Qin dynasty, the Han dynasty, and the Tang dynasty, China has gone through numerous phases of cultural and political development. The Xia dynasty is considered the first dynasty of China, and it is believed to have existed from 2070 BCE to 1600 BCE. During this time, China was ruled by a series of kings who were believed to have been chosen by the gods.

The Qin dynasty, which lasted from 221 BCE to 206 BCE, was one of the most influential in Chinese history. It was during this time that China was unified into a single state for the first time. The Qin dynasty was also responsible for building the Great Wall of China, which remains one of the most iconic structures in the world.

China - a journey into the past and the future

The Han dynasty, which lasted from 206 BCE to 220 CE, is considered by many to be the golden age of China. During this time, China experienced significant growth and development in the arts, science, and philosophy. The Tang dynasty, which lasted from 618 CE to 907 CE, is also considered to be a golden age of Chinese culture. It was during this time that China became a major center for international trade and diplomacy.

The Great Wall – an engineering marvel

One of the most iconic landmarks of China is the Great Wall. This magnificent wall was built over 2000 years ago to protect China from invading forces. It stretches over 13,000 miles and is a testament to the ingenuity and engineering prowess of the ancient Chinese.

But did you know that the Great Wall is not just one wall? It is a series of walls, fortifications, and watchtowers built over different dynasties. Walking along the Great Wall is a thrilling experience that offers breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside.

Pro tip: If you want to avoid the crowds, visit the lesser-known sections of the wall like Jiankou or Simatai.

The Forbidden City

The Forbidden City is a massive palace complex in the heart of Beijing that was once the home of the Chinese emperor. Today, the Forbidden City is a popular tourist destination and is home to many museums and galleries that showcase the rich history of China.

After experiencing the wonders of Beijing and the Great Wall, a traveler to China must not miss the chance to visit the ancient city of Xi’an. This city, located in the northwest region of China, is known for its many historical and cultural landmarks. One of the most famous is the Terracotta Army, which is considered one of the most significant archeological finds of the 20th century.

The Terracotta Warriors – a silent army

Another must-visit attraction in China is the Terracotta Army in Xi’an. This army of over 8,000 life-size terracotta warriors, horses, and chariots was built over 2,000 years ago to protect the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the 20th century.

China - a journey into the past and the future
The Terracotta Army

The Terracotta Army is a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of the ancient Chinese artisans. Each warrior is unique, with distinct facial features, hairstyles, and armor. It’s a fascinating glimpse into the past and a reminder of the power and might of the Qin Dynasty.

Pro tip: Hire a local guide to get a better understanding of the history and significance of the Terracotta Army.

The army was discovered in 1974 by farmers who were digging a well. It is estimated that over 700,000 laborers were involved in the creation of the statues. Each figure is unique and was individually crafted with great care and attention to detail.

Visitors can walk through three different pits that contain the Terracotta Army. The first pit is the largest and contains over 6,000 statues of soldiers. The second pit contains cavalry and infantry units, while the third pit contains high-ranking officers and generals.

Other Attractions in Xi’an

While the Terracotta Army is undoubtedly the most famous attraction in Xi’an, there are many other sights worth seeing in this ancient city. The Xi’an City Wall is one of the most well-preserved city walls in China and is a great place to take a walk or bike ride.

The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is another popular attraction. This seven-story tower was built in the 7th century and was used to store Buddhist scriptures brought to China from India. The Shaanxi History Museum is also a must-visit for anyone interested in Chinese history. It contains over 370,000 artifacts, including pottery, bronze, jade, and gold objects.


A trip to China would not be complete without a visit to Xi’an and the Terracotta Army. This ancient city is a treasure trove of history and culture, and visitors will be amazed at the sheer scale and beauty of the Terracotta Army. With its many other attractions, Xi’an is a city that should be on every traveler’s itinerary when visiting China.


How long does it take to visit the Terracotta Army?

It typically takes around 2-3 hours to visit all three pits that contain the Terracotta Army.

Are there any hotels near the Terracotta Army?

Yes, there are several hotels located near the Terracotta Army, ranging from budget-friendly to luxury options.

Can I take pictures of the Terracotta Army?

Yes, visitors are allowed to take pictures of the Terracotta Army, but flash photography is not allowed.

Is Xi’an a safe city for tourists?

Yes, Xi’an is generally considered a safe city for tourists. However, as with any city, it is important to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings.

What is the best time of year to visit Xi’an?

The best time to visit Xi’an is during the spring and autumn months, when the weather is mild and comfortable.

Panda love – cuddly and cute

China is home to one of the most beloved animals in the world – the panda. These cuddly creatures are a national treasure and a symbol of peace and friendship. There are several panda conservation centers in China where you can see these adorable animals up close and personal.

The Chengdu Panda Base in Sichuan province is one of the best places to see pandas in their natural habitat. You can watch them play, eat bamboo, and take a nap. It’s a heartwarming experience that will leave you with a smile on your face.

Pro tip: Avoid visiting during the Chinese New Year as it’s the busiest time of the year.

Part II: China’s Modern-Day Accomplishments

China has made significant strides in modern times, particularly in the last few decades. Its economy has grown exponentially, making it the second-largest economy in the world after the United States. China is also a major player in the global technology industry, with companies like Huawei and Tencent making significant contributions to the field.

“Study the past if you would define the future.”Confucius

This quote by Confucius emphasizes the importance of understanding the history of China in order to shape its future. It speaks to the idea that by studying the past, we can gain valuable insights into how to move forward and create a better future. Confucius himself was a sage who lived during the Zhou dynasty, a time of great cultural and intellectual advancement in China. His teachings on ethics, education, and government have had a profound impact on Chinese culture and continue to influence people around the world today.

China has also made significant investments in renewable energy, making it the world’s largest producer of solar energy. In addition, China is home to the world’s largest high-speed rail network, which has transformed the way people travel in China.

Experiencing the Modern Side of China

While China is steeped in history, it is also a country that is rapidly developing and modernizing. From cutting-edge technology to vibrant nightlife, China offers plenty of opportunities to experience its modern side. Some of the top experiences include:


Shanghai is one of the most modern cities in China and is home to a bustling nightlife, world-class shopping, and amazing food. Whether you want to explore the city’s many museums and galleries or experience its lively nightlife, Shanghai is a must-visit destination.

China - a journey into the past and the future

Hong Kong

Hong Kong is another modern city that is famous for its skyscrapers, shopping, and food. The city is a vibrant mix of cultures and offers plenty of opportunities to explore its unique history and modern attractions.

Tech Industry

China is quickly becoming a leader in the tech industry, with companies like Huawei, Xiaomi, and Alibaba making headlines around the world. For those interested in technology, a visit to China is a must.

The future is now – technological advancements

China is not just a country of ancient traditions and culture, but it’s also a leader in technology and innovation. From high-speed trains to mobile payments, China is at the forefront of technological advancements.

One of the most impressive technological feats in China is the world’s largest radio telescope – the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST) in Guizhou province. This massive telescope is the size of 30 football fields and is used to study the universe and search for extraterrestrial life.

Pro tip: Book a tour in advance to get a chance to see the telescope up close.

FAQs about Traveling to China

Do I need a visa to travel to China?

Yes, you will need a visa to travel to China. You can apply for a visa through the Chinese embassy in your country.

What is the best time of year to visit China?

The best time to visit China is during the spring (April to May) or fall (September to October) when the weather is mild and the crowds are smaller.

What are the must-try foods in China?

Some of the must-try foods in China include dumplings, Peking duck, hot pot, and dim sum.

Is it safe to travel in China?

Yes, China is a safe country for travelers. However, it’s always advisable to take basic safety precautions like avoiding dark alleys, carrying your passport with you, and being aware of your surroundings.

Here are some of the most visited places in China by tourists:

  1. The Great Wall of China: The Great Wall of China is one of the most iconic landmarks in the world and is a must-visit attraction for anyone traveling to China. The wall stretches over 13,000 miles and is made up of various sections, with some sections being more popular than others. The most popular sections include Badaling, Mutianyu, and Jiankou.
  2. The Forbidden City: The Forbidden City, also known as the Palace Museum, is located in the heart of Beijing and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The palace served as the home of the emperors of China for over 500 years and is one of the best-preserved examples of ancient Chinese architecture and culture.
  3. The Terracotta Army: The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China. The army was buried with the emperor to protect him in the afterlife and was only discovered in 1974. The site attracts millions of tourists each year and is considered one of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century.
  4. The Yangtze River: The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia and is home to some of China’s most stunning natural landscapes. A cruise along the Yangtze River takes visitors through the Three Gorges, a series of steep cliffs and valleys that offer breathtaking views.
  5. Zhangjiajie National Forest Park: Zhangjiajie National Forest Park is located in the Hunan Province of China and is known for its unique sandstone pillars that rise up from the ground. The park was the inspiration for the floating mountains in the movie Avatar and attracts visitors from around the world who come to hike its trails and take in the stunning scenery.
  6. Chengdu: Chengdu is the capital of the Sichuan Province and is known for its rich history, spicy food, and giant pandas. The city is home to the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, which is dedicated to the conservation and breeding of giant pandas.
  7. Lhasa: Lhasa is the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region and is one of the most unique destinations in China. The city is home to many important Tibetan Buddhist sites, including the Potala Palace, which was the former residence of the Dalai Lama.
  8. Guilin: Guilin is located in the Guangxi Province of China and is known for its stunning scenery and outdoor activities. The city is surrounded by limestone mountains and is home to the Li River, which is a popular destination for boat tours and hiking.
  9. Shanghai: Shanghai is a modern city that is known for its stunning skyline, shopping, and nightlife. The city is home to many famous landmarks, including the Oriental Pearl Tower and the Shanghai Tower.
  10. Xi’an: Xi’an is the capital of the Shaanxi Province and is known for its rich history and cultural heritage. The city is home to many important historical sites, including the Bell Tower, the Drum Tower, and the Xi’an City Wall.

Overall, China has a wealth of attractions and destinations that are sure to appeal to any traveler. Whether you’re interested in history, culture, nature, or modern cities, China has something for everyone.

Rate author
Best Travel
Add a comment